文章的组织结构：一定要按所列提纲写。一般分为开头、正文、结尾 3 部分
There is an old /popular saying /proverb which says /goes…..
Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the importance/
seriousness of …
③There are different opinions among people as to …Some believe … Others, however, disagree with it. They think…
④….has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
⑤ One of our ancient philosophers said, …..Chinese people have always been holding this idea to be one of their standards of morality.
(2) 主体： 要注意启承转合，常用句型：
① On the contrary, there are some people in favor of ……. They believe
…..Moreover, they think…..
② There are many ways to ….. First, _____. Second _____. Finally, ______.
③ Confronted with______, we should take a series of effective measures to _____.
For one thing, ____. For another, ______. Finally, _______. (也可用于结尾)
④ Although the popular belief is a fact, a current study(survey/investigation)
总结文章的主要内容，或者提出希望或展望未来，或者对文章提出的观点进行反问，启发读者思考。如：An open China has realized the
importance of business. Why should we give up this opportunity and rely on agriculture?
① From what has been discussed /mentioned above, we may conclude that…
② Therefore, it is not difficult to draw /come to the conclusion that….
③ Only in this way/ in doing so, can sth. be really ….
④ Given the reasons /consideration I have just outlined/ discussed/ presented, I strongly recommend that …..
(一)图表 / 看图作文
As we can see from the chart / graph / table/ picture…
The chart/graph/ table displays/ illustrates/ describes/ indicates/ points out that …
It is clear/ apparent from the chart/ table/ graph that…
The figures/ statistics in the chart reflect/ show/ reveal that …
The table/chart /graph shows (that) …
According to the table/chart /graph, …
As is shown in the table/chart /graph, …
As can be seen from the table/chart/ graph/picture, …
It can be seen from the figures/statistics that …
We can see from the figures/statistics that …
As we can see in this picture, …
This picture shows that …
A takes up/ occupies/ accounts for 20% of the total population/ output/ income/ expenditure/ consumption.
On the top of the list is…, which accounts for 60%.
On the bottom is …, which takes up 20%.
Compared with A, B has a higher percentage.
A is second to B. (A 仅次于 B。)
There was a very slight/ small/ slow/gradual/ steady/ marked/ large/ sharp/
rapid/ sudden/ dramatic rise/ increase/ drop/ decrease/ decline/ fall/ reduction in 2008.
The number of…declines/rises by …% from… to…
The number of… remains steady/ stable/ the same…
The price leveled off.
As has been shown above, we can safely say that …
As far as I am concerned, …To the best of my knowledge, …
As to me, ….
In my view / opinion, …
In conclusion / In summary / In a word / In a nutshell / In brief, …
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition
on the topic How Are Working People Doing Physical Exercises? You should write
150 words or so and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below.
As we can see from the chart, on the top of the list is the number of working
people seldom doing physical exercises, which accounts for 60%. What follows are
working people doing exercises once a month at a percentage of 25%. On the
bottom is the number of people doing regular exercises, which takes up only 15%.
Although more and more working people are realizing the importance of physical
exercises, they cannot spare their limited time to do some exercises because of
the heavy burden of supporting their families on their shoulders. Apart from
that, their daily lives at the office cannot provide them with the exercise
their body needs. Lack of physical exercises is one of the main contributing
factors to poor health among the working people.
In order to stay healthy and concentrate on their work more efficiently, all
people, especially working people should take some physical exercises. Society
should encourage people to take exercises regularly. The problem of insufficient
exercises among working people should be solved as soon as possible. (174 words)
The issue of whether… or not has been widely argued/ debated about.
…has become a hot topic among people
When it comes to …, people will have a heated discussion.
Some people suggest/ hold the opinion that… But / However/ Nevertheless/ other
people hold a different point of view.
Some people are inclined to think that…On the contrary, there are many people
who won't agree, and they claim…
In my eyes/ view/ As to me/ To the best of my knowledge/ As far as I am
concerned…I'm in favor of…/ I am on the side of/ My favor goes to the former/ latter
opinion to some extent. The main reason is that… Furthermore…
There is probably some truth in both arguments, but I prefer …to…
In my opinion, both sides are partly right. When we… we should take into
consideration all aspects of the problem and then make the right decision.
Considering one after another, I stand on the side of the latter opinion.
As to me, I prefer the former one.
请认真答题，答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!【单选题】Choose the most suitable topic
sentence for the third
paragraph in the following passage.The following is a short essay entitled
Advertisements based on the following outline. You should choose the most
suitable topic sentence for the third paragraph.
1. 各种各样的广告随处可见 2. 人们对广告持不 同的观点 3. 我认为……With the advent of material prosperity, advertisements have become more and
more important in our daily life. If you are observant enough, it's not
difficult for you to notice they appear everywhere. When you walk along the
streets, you can see large billboards with pretty girls smiling at you. You read
newspapers, and see half of the pages covered with ads. You turn on TV, and you
see commercial advertisements time and again. Whether you like it or not,
advertisements fill your life.We have to admit that advertisements can play a
useful role in our life. For one thing, they give the latest information about
products. Were there no advertising, consumers could not know about goods sold
in various shops. People can find what they need in the shortest time at the
lowest price. For another, more people are attracted by the advertisements to do
more shopping, which will boom the economic development. However, there are also
some opinions against advertising. Some people think that advertisements do not
give much information but only try to persuade you to buy. They create a demand
for goods that are not really needed. Besides, advertising adds to the cost of
goods. You can see and hear advertisements almost everywhere, which does great
harm to people's
health.________________________________________________________. We should see
the function of them, but we cannot overemphasize it. We can never put our
complete trust in what advertisements say. Before making a buying decision, we
have to think carefully to make a wise choice.A. As far as I am concerned, I
prefer banning advertisements.B. Weighing the pros and cons of advertising, I
think being for it is better than being against it.C. To the best of my
knowledge, we should have a proper attitude to advertisements.D. Which of the
two above-mentioned opinions is more correct?【答案】C
【解析】本题考查对立观点型作文中引出个人观点的句子。A，B 和 C 都可以作为引出个人
或反对广告，故 A 和 B 都不合适。所以答案为 C。【知识点】对立观点型作文
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition
on the topic Do "Lucky Numbers" Really Bring Good Luck? You should write 150words or so and you should base your composition the outline below.
Do "Lucky Numbers" Really Bring Good Luck?
When it comes to whether lucky numbers can bring good luck, people will have a heated discussion. It's very common to see that some people will spend a large
sum of money on numbers like "6" or "8" when buying phone numbers or plate
numbers for their cars without any reluctance.
Some people take it for granted that some lucky numbers can bring them good
luck. For instance, the so-called lucky number "8" is widely used now because it
is sounded like "getting rich" in Chinese and is believed to bring good fortune.
On the contrary, there are many people who won't agree, and they claim that
numbers have nothing to do with luck. They regard numbers simply as mathematic
symbols for counting. They are anything but a mystery. They laugh at those who
think numbers can bring good luck.
I'm in favor of the latter opinion. I think our society is very modern now. We
mustn't count on the so-called lucky numbers to fulfill our wishes. Whether we
can have good luck depends on ourselves. If we work hard, good luck will come to
us. (186 words)
With the rapid development of …, many formerly unimaginable things come into
reality. The phenomenon of … is an example.
With …, … has become an increasingly serious problem in society.
With the increase of population, housing shortage is becoming a more and more
serious problem in large cities.
There are many factors that may account for it, and the following are the most
There is probably a variety of reasons for the dramatic increase/decline in …
Why did …? For one thing…, for another… Perhaps the primary reason is …
The change is chiefly caused by the fact that…
The failure mainly comes from several factors that…
We can regard … as a result of…
A number of factors could account for /contribute to /lead to/ result in…
…, partly because …, partly because…
There are a number of terrible consequences of … Perhaps the most serious one is ….
It will have/produce/bring about a far-reaching/profound effect/influence/impact on…
The effect / influence / consequence of … is not only limited to… but also
This leaves some serious consequences of…
It may cause /create/ bring/ result in/ lead to/ give rise to a set of problems.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic On Fake Commodities
You should write 150 words or so and you should base your composition the outline below.
On Fake Commodities
Today, there are many fake commodities sold in the market. Some can do great
harm to us. Why there are so many fake commodities?
There are always two reasons, I think. First, the factories spend less time and
less money in producing the fake commodities than the good ones. In this way,
they can make a greater profit. Second, the fake commodities are always cheaper
and many people like to buy them. As a result, the fake commodities became more
and more widely spread. It's very obvious that fake commodities are harmful. For
example, there is a man just catching a cold. If the man takes some fake
medicine, perhaps he will get worse, or even die. He is so poor just because he
has bought some fake commodities. The fake commodities do harm to the people, at
the same time, they do harm to society.
Many factories selling good commodities will go bankrupt in a short time, which
will cause many workers out of work.
There are many ways to eliminate fake commodities but the following ones may be
effective. First, the laws of the protection of consumers should be enforced to
severely punish those who produce or sell fake commodities. Second, consumers
should be taught how to tell good commodities from fake ones. Third, they should
be advised to protect their own interests and not to be led astray by false
advertisements. In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the
problem of fake commodities and launch a campaign against them. Only in this way
will fake commodities be possibly eliminated from the market in the future. (272
1. 写作模式：引出需要评论的话(一定要直接或间接引用原话)-分析该引语的内涵-我的观点(可以适当引用名人名言或谚语，较好照应开头部分)2. 常用句型：
As a proverb goes, "…"
An old saying goes like this, "…"
Lincoln once remarked, "…"
From this saying, we can see / know / conclude that…
This saying / statement tells us / reveals / shows / points out that …
Directions: For this part. You are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay
entitled The Way to Success by commenting on Abraham Lincoln's famous remark,
"Give me six hours to chop down a tree, and I will spend the first four
sharpening the axe." You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200
The Way to Success
Abraham Lincoln once observed, "Give me six hours to chop down a tree, and I
will spend the first four sharpening the axe." As far as I'm concerned, this
remark can be interpreted as follows: If you want to successfully achieve a
certain goal, you must be well prepared for it at first. A good preparation
involves sufficient learning, good strategies and a healthy mentality.
To be well prepared, you must first equip yourself with the required knowledge
and skills. Only in this way can you move smoothly in all kinds of tough and
complex situations. In the process of preparation, you will formulate good
strategies which can contribute to reducing the potential mistakes, thus leading
to higher efficiency. Finally, you must learn to cultivate a healthy mentality.
You must be fully prepared for the possible setbacks you may encounter and
devote yourself wholeheartedly to whatever goal you pursue.
In a word, success comes to those who are well prepared for it. The way to get
prepared is also a way to improve yourself. By sparing no effort to "sharpen
your axe", you will successfully arrive at your destination. (189 words)
请认真答题，答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!【单选题】Choose the most suitable opening
sentences for the
following passage.The following is a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds
Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, "Quitting smoking is
the easiest thing in the world. I've done it hundreds of times". Choose the most
suitable opening remarks for the essay.____________________________. There is
something provoking and interesting in this paradox, which sets us thinking
about how to achieve success.Modern society provides people with more
opportunities than before, and there are stories which tell us the possibility
of somebody getting successful overnight. Actually that is not the case. Before
these people become successful, a lot of hard work has been done. Take super
girl Zhang Liangying as an example, before she became famous, she used to spend
day and night practice her singing. With her strong will and painstakingefforts, she finally made it and now she is a world-famous singer. What we
usually see is the result, but what we ignore is a long process of struggling
forward and overcoming various obstacles. Take "quitting smoking" for example,
which is, to most people, a difficult task, so people always give up the idea
for they don't have the strong will.In a nutshell, strong will is an
indispensable part of success. Strong will is the best policy to make your
dreams come true. Concentrate on what you are engaged in, persist in there and
be patient, for "Where there is a will, there is a way".A. Some humorous
saying goes like this, "Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world.
I've done it hundreds of times". Quitting smoking seems easy, but in reality
it is rarely achieved.B. There is a humorous saying about quitting smoking,
which means quitting smoking is both easy and difficult.C. What do you think
about quitting smoking? Is it very difficult or very easy? If you are in the
former group, then you are right.D. Everybody wants to give up smoking, but
how? How can well quit smoking successfully?【答案】A
【解析】本题考查评论型作文的开头写法。评论型作文的开头部分需要直接或间接引用原话，较好直接引用，只有 A 做到了这一点。B，C 和 D 都没有引用需要评论的话，而且和下文不能起到很好的衔接关系，下句中的 this
paradox 显然指的是需要评论的话语，故选择 A。【知识点】评论型作文
I am writing to apply for the post of … advertised in …
Immediately I saw your advertisement in the paper for …, I felt it was just the
kind of post for which I have the qualifications and for which I have been
looking for some time.
I feel I have the necessary qualifications and experiences needed for the
position of… advertised in the paper.
I hope I may be granted an interview, when I can explain my qualification more
I would like to apply for admission to your college.
I should like to further my studies in …department of your university.
My major interests are…., and I understand your university has a good program in
Thank you for your letter of …
It is a pleasure for me to invite you on behalf of ….to accept…
It is with the greatest pleasure that I write to cordially(诚挚地)invite you to
attend the meeting.
It is very kind of you to ask us for dinner this coming Saturday evening. But,
to our deep regret, we cannot accept it.
③ 批评、抱怨、投诉信I am writing to complain about….
I think it's high time you realized…
I must tell you that unless you do something about the situation I will be
forced to take legal action.
To be frank, I am not prepared to put up with the situation any more.
请认真答题，答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!【单选题】Choose the most suitable ending
paragraph for the following letter.Suppose you are Zhang Ying. Xiao Wang, your former classmate is going to visit you during the week-long holiday in Beijing. Write according to
the suggestions given below. 1. 表示欢迎 2. 提出度假安排的建议 3. 提醒应注意的事项 Dear
failed to express my excitement when I learned that you would spend the holiday
with me. It's been three years since we graduated from high school. I miss you
so much that I can't wait to see you. Now that it will be the first time you
have visited Beijing, I am sure your journey will be exciting, rewarding and
full of a lot of fun.I've made a rough plan for this holiday as follows. On the
first day you arrive here, I will show you around my new campus. Especially I
will take you to visit our newly-built modern library. During the following
three days, we are about to go sightseeing around Beijing. We can visit many
scenic spots and historical attractions, such as the Summer Palace, the
Forbidden city, the Great Wall etc. On the fifth day, we can visit Beijing Zoo,
since you are quite interested in wild animals. The next day, we can go
shopping. There are many splendid markets and shopping malls in Beijing. On the
last day, you can have a good rest before setting off. If there is any
inconvenience for you in this plan, please let me know
Zhang Ying A. I'm writing to you to talk
about your one-week stay in Beijing.B. I am looking forward to your reply and
wish you a good journey.C. I'm looking forward your solving this problem in an
agreeable way.D. With deepest gratitude I write you here a few lines.【答案】B
【解析】本题考查信函类作文的结束段落的写法。A 和 D 都是开头段落的写法，故首先应
排除;C 是投诉类书信的结束段落的写法，故在本文中不合适。正确答案为 B。【知识点】
Thank you so much for ….
I warmly appreciate your hospitality.
I don't know to thank you for your kindness to me.
With deepest gratitude I write you here few lines.
I am writing to thank you, on behalf of my wife and on my own behalf, for the
lovely time we had at your party last night.
I am awfully sorry that I cannot …I am very sorry for my rudeness /thoughtlessness / bad manners.
I feel sorry for my failure to …
I am writing to express my sincere apology for my …
I regret to inform you that I am unable to …
I believe you can understand that I have not intended to hurt you.
I feel guilty for what I have done to you.
I am writing to you with reference to ….
Thanks so much for your letter, which arrived….
I would like to know some information on …
I would be grateful if you could /would ….
It will be appreciated if you can /could ….
I look forward to hearing from you.
I hope you can write back to me at your earliest convenience.
Best wishes for you.
Lee，你最近对你所在班的 60 名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现在调查结果(如
I'm very honored to write this letter to you about a survey I have recently made
among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purposes of getting on the
Internet. The girl's favorite is chatting, and the portion of those fond of
chatting is 35%. On the contrary, very few boys like chatting on the internet,
accounting for less than 5%. What the boys like doing most is playing games and
reading news is just next to that. Both boys and girls like reading news and
sending e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it's the most convenient way
to get the latest information. In order to keep themselves well informed about
the development of the world affairs, they have taken advantage of the internet.
What we should pay attention to is that only a very small part of the boy and
girl students, use Internet as a tool to study despite its great convenience and
promptness. As far as I am concerned, students should make good use of the
internet to serve them both in their life and study, especially in the latter
perspective. What do you think about it?
I'm really looking forward to getting your reply. Best regards for you.Yours sincerely,
Directions: Write A Campaign Speech in no less than 150 words based on the
Dear brothers and sisters,
May I have your attention please? Today I am very honored to stand here to have
the chance of running for the president of the students' union. I am a junior in
the English Department. Since I came into the university, I have always been the
monitor of my class. I have done a very good job for my classmates, and my
classmates and my teachers all think highly of me. I am good at communication
and I have very strong organizing abilities. Most importantly, I'm very willing
to help others and can derive great pleasure from offering a helping hand to
others. Moreover, I have a variety of hobbies, for example, basketball,
football, pingpong, etc. I am sure that I am qualified for this position. If I
become the president, I will try my best to do well. I will organize some
suitable activities for you. You will never be disappointed in choosing me as
president since I will do many things for you to meet your demands. I will
greatly appreciate it if you will give me a chance, and I will never let you
Thank you for your attention.
Ladies and gentlemen
Boys and girls
May I have your attention, please?
I have something important to tell you.
That's all. Thank you.
(2)书面通知在正文之前的正中位置写 Notice 字样。在结尾要注明通知的发布人和发布日期。
时间：7 月 13 日(星期六)晚上 7:30
May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. The Students'
Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening, July 13, to welcome our
friends from the United States. The party will be held in the roof garden of the
Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 PM. There will be music, dancing, singing,
games and exchange of gifts. You may bring along a small gift for this purpose.
Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wishes.
Don't forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. It's sure to
be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcome.
报名时间：5 月 25 日以前
比赛时间：6 月 9 日 下午 4:00
We are going to have an English-speaking contest for senior students so as to
improve our oral English. It will be held in the auditorium on the 5th floor in
the teaching building 4:00pm, June 9th. Those who want to take part in the
contest are supposed to come to sign up at the office of the Students' Union
before May 25th.
All the senior students are welcome to join in the contest. The first five
winners will be given prizes. Please try our best and get ready in time.
Wish you success!
The Students' Union